I am working on a binary image classification task in which I have greyscale images of size (1, 224, 224) (all normalized between 0 and 1) and a set of labels (0 or 1). I have around 2.6k images with labels, but while training the loss is increasing instead of decreasing.

This is my model:

import torch.nn as nn
import torch.nn.functional as F

class Classifier(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):

        # Convolutional layers (1, 224, 224)
        self.conv1 = nn.Conv2d(in_channels=1, out_channels=16, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=1, padding=1)
        self.conv2 = nn.Conv2d(in_channels=16, out_channels=32, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=1, padding=1)
        self.conv3 = nn.Conv2d(in_channels=32, out_channels=64, kernel_size=(3, 3), padding=1)

        # Fully connected layers
        self.fc1 = nn.Linear(in_features=64 * 28 * 28, out_features=512)
        self.fc2 = nn.Linear(in_features=512, out_features=256)
        self.fc3 = nn.Linear(in_features=256, out_features=32)
        self.fc4 = nn.Linear(in_features=32, out_features=1)

    def forward(self, X):
        X = F.relu(self.conv1(X))
        X = F.max_pool2d(X, 2)

        X = F.relu(self.conv2(X))
        X = F.max_pool2d(X, 2)

        X = F.relu(self.conv3(X))
        X = F.max_pool2d(X, 2)

        X = X.view(X.shape[0], -1)
        X = F.relu(self.fc1(X))
        X = F.relu(self.fc2(X))
        X = F.relu(self.fc3(X))
        X = self.fc4(X)

        return X

and this is the training loop:

hope = Classifier()
loss_fn = nn.BCEWithLogitsLoss()
optimizer = torch.optim.Adam(hope.parameters(), lr=0.001)
hope = hope.to(device)
loss_fn = loss_fn.to(device)

for epoch in range(epochs):



    for image,label in iter(ctrain_loader):
        image  = image.view((-1,1,224,224))
        pred = hope(image)
        label = label.view((-1,1))
        label = label.float()
        pred = pred.float()
        loss = loss_fn(pred,label)
    for image,label in iter(cval_loader):
        image = image.view((-1,1,224,224))
        label = label.view((-1,1))
        label = label.float()
        pred = pred.float()
        #pred = torch.sigmoid(pred)

    print(f"loss is : {np.array(loss_c).mean()}")

I am using a batch size of 8 for training, i.e. labels supplied have dimensions (8,1) and images are of size (8,1,224,224).

I have tried switching to BCE but no help. Also, one thing I have observed is that for all the images in a batch the prediction values are always the same (might have something to do with initializing using random weights, but I haven't seen others doing it in their code so not sure).

  • $\begingroup$ Why aren't you using the sigmoid function with fc4? $\endgroup$
    – Iya Lee
    May 20, 2023 at 20:18
  • $\begingroup$ @IyaLee I am getting the logits which am passing to the bcewithlogitsloss function $\endgroup$ May 21, 2023 at 7:52

1 Answer 1


Can you keep track of your training loss too and plot both training and validation losses as a function of the epoch? Is the training loss also increasing with epochs?

  • $\begingroup$ As it’s currently written, your answer is unclear. Please edit to add additional details that will help others understand how this addresses the question asked. You can find more information on how to write good answers in the help center. $\endgroup$
    – Community Bot
    Jun 1, 2023 at 15:17

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