# Ways to deal with longitude/latitude feature [closed]

I am working on a fictional dataset with 25 features. Two of the features are latitude and longitude of a place and others are pH values, elevation, windSpeed etc with varying ranges. I can perform normalization on the other features but how do I approach latitude/longitude features?

Edit: This is a problem to predict agriculture yield. I would think lat/long is very important since locations can be vital in prediction and hence the dilemma.

## closed as unclear what you're asking by Spacedman, Dawny33♦, Sean OwenAug 20 '16 at 17:20

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• Could you clarify why you don't think that you can normalise those features? Presumably they are numerical the same as other features, so you can take mean/sd? Is your concern about having natural measure of distance between locations? If so, does the data cover a small area (with similar values) or is it global? – Neil Slater Aug 20 '16 at 7:13
• @NeilSlater It's just that intuitively it does not make sense to me to normalize these features. Will the information not be lost if normalized? I have the dataset covering counties of America. – AllThingsScience Aug 20 '16 at 8:15
• What information do you think will be lost? It probably will not be actually lost, but if you explain in your question what your concern is, someone will be able to answer. Not knowing any more, I would just normalise regardless - for fully global values and some problems (where distance between points is important) I might create a 3d cartesian co-ordinates feature from the long/lat. – Neil Slater Aug 20 '16 at 8:20
• What's your question here? What are you trying to find out from the data? Correlation? Clustering? Classification? Prediction? Interpolation? How is location important to your model? – Spacedman Aug 20 '16 at 12:46
• @Spacedman Please see edit. – AllThingsScience Aug 20 '16 at 18:58

x = cos(lat) * cos(lon)