# How to fill missing value based on other columns in Pandas dataframe?

Suppose I have a 5*3 data frame in which third column contains missing value

1 2 3
4 5 NaN
7 8 9
3 2 NaN
5 6 NaN


I hope to generate value for missing value based rule that first product second column

1 2 3
4 5 20 <--4*5
7 8 9
3 2 6 <-- 3*2
5 6 30 <-- 5*6


How can I do it use data frame? Thanks.

How to add condition to calculate missing value like this?

if 1st % 2 == 0 then 3rd = 1st * 2nd else 3rd = 1st + 2nd

1 2 3
4 5 20 <-- 4*5 because 4%2==0
7 8 9
3 2 5 <-- 3+2 because 3%2==1
5 6 11 <-- 5+6 because 5%2==1

• You can't do this because the size will not be equal Jul 7, 2018 at 5:53
• Can you expand your answer? Why isn't it possible and what could he possibly do to solve problem? Jul 7, 2018 at 6:25
• hey even i have the same question . but what if the data i deal with is textual ? that is the condition is like "if 'ingredients' contains chicken then 'type'= non-veg" Feb 14, 2019 at 6:20

Assuming three columns of your dataframe is a, b and c. This is what you want:

df['c'] = df.apply(
lambda row: row['a']*row['b'] if np.isnan(row['c']) else row['c'],
axis=1
)


Full code:

df = pd.DataFrame(
np.array([[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, np.nan], [7, 8, 9], [3, 2, np.nan], [5, 6, np.nan]]),
columns=['a', 'b', 'c']
)
df['c'] = df.apply(
lambda row: row['a']*row['b'] if np.isnan(row['c']) else row['c'],
axis=1
)

• A few years late but this only works when the columns are numeric. np.isnan does not support non-numeric data. It's not an issue here as the OP had numeric columns and arithmetic operations but otherwise pd.isnull is a better alternative. Jan 3, 2020 at 21:50

What about using the fillna() method of the dataframe?

df['C'].fillna(df.A * df.B)


Assuming that the three columns in your dataframe are a, b and c. Then you can do the required operation like this:

values = df['a'] * df['b']
df['c'] = values.where(df['c'] == np.nan, others=df['c'])

• Or np.where(pd.isnull(df.c), df.a * df.b, df.c) Apr 16, 2018 at 7:18

Another option:

df.loc[(pd.isnull(df.C)), 'C'] = df.A * df.B

for i in df["a"]:
if i%2==0:
df["c"].fillna(value=df["a"]*df["b"])
else:
df["c"].fillna(value=df["a"]+df["b"])


A simple solution for beginners.

In the first case you can simply use fillna:

df['c'] = df.c.fillna(df.a * df.b)


In the second case you need to create a temporary column:

df['temp'] = np.where(df.a % 2 == 0, df.a * df.b, df.a + df.b)
df['c'] = df.c.fillna(df.temp)
df.drop('temp', axis=1, inplace=True)