I am attempting to train an SVM from a set of features which are both numeric and categorical, for example:

  • Distance X (Numeric)
  • Distance Y (Numeric)
  • Font Size Difference (Numeric)
  • Word 1 Bold (Boolean)
  • Word 2 Bold (Boolean)
  • Word 1 Font Size (Numeric)
  • ...

For mapping the features to a feature array I am treating true as 1 and false as 0 and then normalizing the entire feature array using Z-Scores.

Should I instead encode false as -1 so it has a numerical impact on the generation of the support vectors, with a value of 0 it does not modify the chosen vector (I assume)?

Should boolean features be normalized in the same way as numerics or should they be left with their encoded values?

  • 2
    $\begingroup$ You can always try a couple different configurations and see what does best on your held out validation set $\endgroup$ – kbrose Sep 7 '17 at 0:28
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ The value, whether it is -1, 0, 50, -50, does not matter for SVM. Normalization is not needed, unless the underlying SVM estimator uses gradient descent, which is atypical. $\endgroup$ – Ricardo Cruz Sep 7 '17 at 17:49

Based on the comment by Ricardo Cruz I tried switching the value of false from 0 to -1 and also normalization on and off.

Neither switching the value from 0 to - 1 or normalization of features had any impact on the values predicted by the SVM. In this case I was using a Gaussian kernel and Sequential Minimal Optimization for my SVM.

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