Data visualization is an important sub-field of data science and python programmers need to have available toolkits for them.
Is there a Python API to Tableau?
Are there any Python based data visualization toolkits?
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There is a Tablaeu API and you can use Python to use it, but maybe not in the sense that you think. There is a Data Extract API that you could use to import your data into Python and do your visualizations there, so I do not know if this is going to answer your question entirely.
As in the first comment you can use Matplotlib from Matplotlib website, or you could install Canopy from Enthought which has it available, there is also Pandas, which you could also use for data analysis and some visualizations. There is also a package called
ggplot which is used in
R alot, but is also made for Python, which you can find here ggplot for python.
As far as an API like matplotlib, I cannot say for certain that one exists. Hopefully this gives some sort of reference to help answer your question.
Also to help avoid closure flags and downvotes you should try and show some of what you have tried to do or find, this makes for a better question and helps to illicit responses.