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I am a Python-Newbie and want to plot a list of values between -0.2 and 0.2. The list looks like this

[...-0.01501152092971969,
  -0.01501152092971969,
  -0.01501152092971969,
  -0.01501152092971969,
  -0.01501152092971969,
  -0.01501152092971969,
  -0.01501152092971969,
  -0.01501152092971969,
  -0.01501152092971969,
  -0.01489985147131656,
  -0.015833709930856088,
  -0.015833709930856088,
  -0.015833709930856088,
  -0.015833709930856088,
  -0.015833709930856088...and so on].

In statistics I've learned to group my data into classes to get a useful plot for a histogram, which depends on such large data.

How can I add classes in python to my plot?

My code is

plt.hist(data)

and histogram looks like enter image description here

But it should look like enter image description here

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  • $\begingroup$ This is unclear. Are you asking for how to group the data, or how to plot grouped data? $\endgroup$ – Stephen Rauch Jan 27 '18 at 19:19
  • $\begingroup$ @ Stephen Rauch: I am asking for grouping the data with plt.hist() or in another way. After grouping the data I want to realize the plot. @ Media: plt.hist(cum_returns_10_5, bins=range(min(cum_returns_10_5), max(cum_returns_10_5) + binwidth, binwidth)) NameError: name 'binwidth' is not defined plt.hist(data, bins=range(min(data), max(data) + binwidth, bin width)) Your solution produces an error (look above). $\endgroup$ – Tom Jan 27 '18 at 19:43
  • $\begingroup$ You should not put this information into an answer. You can comment, or edit your question, or both. $\endgroup$ – Stephen Rauch Jan 27 '18 at 19:48
  • $\begingroup$ welcome to the community @Tom, use comments. the reason it is not working is that you have to set them. they are typical variables for illustration purposes, you have to set values instead of them. $\endgroup$ – Media Jan 27 '18 at 19:49
  • $\begingroup$ Thank you for that hint @Media! @Stephen Rauch: Would you be so kind and give me a comment on do you group data in python that is written in a list so that it can be plotted? Thanks for your help :) $\endgroup$ – Tom Jan 27 '18 at 20:45
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Your histogram is valid, but it has too many bins to be useful.

If you want a number of equally spaced bins, you can simply pass that number through the bins argument of plt.hist, e.g.:

plt.hist(data, bins=10)

If you want your bins to have specific edges, you can pass these as a list to bins:

plt.hist(data, bins=[0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 60, 100])

Finally, you can also specify a method to calculate the bin edges automatically, such as auto (available methods are specified in the documentation of numpy.histogram_bin_edges):

plt.hist(data, bins='auto')

Complete code sample

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

# fix the random state for reproducibility
np.random.seed(19680801);

# sum of 2 normal distributions
n = 500;
data = 10 * np.random.randn(n) + 20 * np.random.randn(n) + 20;

# plot histograms with various bins
fig, axs = plt.subplots(1, 3, sharey=True, tight_layout=True, figsize=(9,3));
axs[0].hist(data, bins=10);
axs[1].hist(data, bins=[0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 60, 100]);
axs[2].hist(data, bins='auto');

enter image description here

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You have to specify the bin size, if I've figured out the question. As stated here.

You can give a list with the bin boundaries.

plt.hist(data, bins=[0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 100])

If you just want them equally distributed, you can simply use range:

plt.hist(data, bins=range(min(data), max(data) + binwidth, binwidth))

You can also take a look at here and here.

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  • $\begingroup$ If you want them equally distributed, there is a simpler way: instead of given the bin boundaries as an argument, just tell matplotlib how many bins you want, e.g. plt.hist(data, bins=20). $\endgroup$ – Xavier Sep 21 '19 at 9:31
  • $\begingroup$ @Xavier Thank you for your respond, I guess you may want to submit your answer. As you may have noticed, the question is not closed yet :) $\endgroup$ – Media Sep 22 '19 at 10:40

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