In R Markdown, I would like to be able to conditionally include certain chunks depending on what I am outputting to. For example if I am knitting a PDF I would like to include a small bit of LaTeX to do a page break, but if I am knitting HTML from the same document, I would like to skip that, or perhaps include something else. So how can a document "know" where it is going, and selectively include things?


1 Answer 1


I was able to get different inclusions and rendering with the following document:

output: html_document

```{r, results='asis', echo=FALSE}
pandocto <- opts_knit$get("rmarkdown.pandoc.to")
if (pandocto == "docx") {
  cat("## Word Heading\n\nHello world")
} else if (pandocto == "html") {
  cat("## HTML Heading\n\nHello world-wide-web")
} else if (pandocto == "latex") {
  cat("## LaTeX/PDF Heading\n\nHeLlO wOrLd")


If you vary the head YAML with what you need, perhaps one of:

output: html_document
output: pdf_document
output: word_document

you can see the difference. The tricks are knowing that rmarkdown tells you the format to which pandoc is rendering, and the use of results='asis' in the block header to capture the output as raw-markdown (or latex, as appropriate).

I included the second block (str(...)) so you can see what else is "known" during document compilation/rendering.


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