Also please explain what this array - array.mean() do?
Basically, it is doing memberwise subtraction operation after broadcasting.
np.mean function finds the mean in your array and its result will be a scalar, a single number. Your array is a
numpy array and the result of the latter term is a single value as mentioned. Consequently, the single value gets extended to the shape of the former term. then a memberwise subtraction will be performed for each entry of the array and the result will have the same shape as the former term.
Can you please explain what does this normalize function do?
Normalizing data is done for accelerating optimization. If you have features with different scales, it will take too much time for your optimizer function to find optimal points. Suppose you have age feature which can change between 0 to 150 (!) and salary which can be changed from 0 to whatever, like 500,000,000 $. your optimization algorithm used in your ML model will take too much time, if possible, to find appropriate weights for each feature. Moreover, if you don't scale your data, your ML algorithm may take too much care to features with large scales.