There have been many recent papers on using cognitive neuroscience as inspiration for the improvement of machine learning.
For example, Hassabis et al. (2017) have written an article on Neuroscience-inspired Artificial Intelligence
Similarly, Lake et al. (2017) have published 'Building machines that learn and think like people'
Marblestone et al. (2016) have their 'Toward an integration of deep learning and neuroscience'
Finally, a while ago Gershman et al. (2015) released their article on Computational Rationality
I'm looking for what other research has highlighted how neuroscience can enhance machine learning.