I want to calculate:

True_Positive, False_Positive, False_Negative, True_Negative

for three categories. I used to have two classes Cat Dog and this is the way I used to calculate my confusion_matrix

y_pred has either a cat or dog

y_true has either a cat or dog

from sklearn.metrics import confusion_matrix
confusion_matrix_output =confusion_matrix(y_true, y_pred) 
True_Positive = confusion_matrix_output[0][0]
False_Positive = confusion_matrix_output[0][1]
False_Negative = confusion_matrix_output[1][0]
True_Negative = confusion_matrix_output[1][1]

Now I have three classes 'Cat' 'Dog' 'rabbit'

Y_pred has Cat Dog rabbit
y_true has Cat Dog rabbit

How to calculate True_Positive, False_Positive, False_Negative, True_Negative?


1 Answer 1


Multi-class Confusion Matrix is very well established in literature; you could find it easily on your own. Anyhow, Scikit-learn can do it easily like:

from sklearn.metrics import confusion_matrix

y_true = ['Cat', 'Dog', 'Rabbit', 'Cat', 'Cat', 'Rabbit']
y_pred = ['Dog', 'Dog', 'Rabbit', 'Dog', 'Dog', 'Rabbit']

classes=['Cat', 'Dog', 'Rabbit']

confusion_matrix(y_true, y_pred, labels=['Cat', 'Dog', 'Rabbit'])

array([[0, 3, 0],
       [0, 1, 0],
       [0, 0, 2]])

You can even plot it nicely using the below function:

def plot_confusion_matrix(cm, classes,
                          title='Confusion matrix',
    This function prints and plots the confusion matrix.
    Normalization can be applied by setting `normalize=True`.
    import itertools
    if normalize:
        cm = cm.astype('float') / cm.sum(axis=1)[:, np.newaxis]
        print("Normalized confusion matrix")
        print('Confusion matrix, without normalization')


    plt.imshow(cm, interpolation='nearest', cmap=cmap)
    tick_marks = np.arange(len(classes))
    plt.xticks(tick_marks, classes, rotation=45)
    plt.yticks(tick_marks, classes)

    fmt = '.2f' if normalize else 'd'
    thresh = cm.max() / 2.
    for i, j in itertools.product(range(cm.shape[0]), range(cm.shape[1])):
        plt.text(j, i, format(cm[i, j], fmt),
                 color="white" if cm[i, j] > thresh else "black")

    plt.ylabel('True label')
    plt.xlabel('Predicted label')

like this:

cnf_matrix = confusion_matrix(y_true, y_pred,labels=['Cat', 'Dog', 'Rabbit'])

# Plot non-normalized confusion matrix
plot_confusion_matrix(cnf_matrix, classes=['Cat', 'Dog', 'Rabbit'],
                      title='Confusion matrix, without normalization')

enter image description here

More examples here and here.

  • $\begingroup$ what's the difference between the normal confusion matrix and the multilabel confusion matrix? $\endgroup$ Commented Dec 1, 2019 at 3:03

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