I trained a model in Keras with input dimension 15 and output dimension 1. Then I tried to predict the output for a single input np.array, which I chose to be a toy example np.arange(15). However, the input is not accepted. Can someone tell me where the problem is? Here is the code for a simplified problem:

import numpy as np
from keras.models import Sequential
from keras.layers import Dense
X = np.arange(15)
Y = 0
model = Sequential()
model.add(Dense(32, input_dim=15, activation='relu'))
model.add(Dense(32, activation='relu'))
model.compile(loss='mean_squared_error', optimizer='adam')
model.fit(X, Y, epochs=10, verbose=1, batch_size=batch_size)

The following error occurs: ValueError: Error when checking input: expected dense_4_input to have shape (15,) but got array with shape (1,). But then again, the input clearly has the correct shape. What is going on here? Thanks for your help!


1 Answer 1


But then again, the input clearly has the correct shape.

>>> import numpy as np
>>> X = np.arange(15)
>>> X.shape

In Keras, input_dim represents the number of input parameters, in your case that would be the number of columns of X or its second dimension (sometimes also referred to as number of features). It is clearly not 15. It is the first dimension that is 15. That means: X consists of 15 rows, also called samples (of one and the same feature).

So in that case, input_dim=1.

However, you will then run into the problem of having specified Y = 0. First, Keras will throw an error because it is an integer. You could do Y = [0], but then you will get

ValueError: Input arrays should have the same number of samples as target arrays. Found 15 input samples and 1 target samples.

So you have to turn this into an array-like object containing 15 samples, e.g. a list of length 15.

However, in case you meant to feed one single sample X to your model, that maps to one single output Y = [0], then you need to reshape X accordingly, for example via

X = np.arange(15).reshape(n_samples, n_features)

Can you figure out now what n_samples, n_features needs to be?


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