is it necessary for Artificial NN to be fully connected or only fully connected NN is called ANN ?
No, the word artificial in this context is only used to separate the neural networks we build from the natural/biological neural networks that they are loosely based on. But in the realm of data science you can basically use NN and ANN interchangeably and fully connected layers are irrelevant to the terms.
Here is a hierarchy that might make things clearer:
├── Natural Neural Network
| ├── Brain (Not fully connected)
| └── ...
└── Artificial Neural Network
├── Dense Neural Network (Fully connected)
├── Convolutional Neural Network (Not fully connected)
├── Recurrent Neural Network (Not fully connected)
No, you can have
fully connected or
partial connected and will still be
Artificial Inteligence (AI) the term
ANN are used interchangeably and doesn't matter the topology. As a reference the chart below does provide part of topology follow under
NN or correctly saying
ANNdiffer only when describe the source of the Neural Neurons so NN is definition/notation in biology field and ANN is the Artificial Intelligence field.
No, there are other kinds of networks such as :
- RNN (Cells are connected vertically across the same layer) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recurrent_neural_network
- CNN (Moves a rectangle across 2 D Input) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convolutional_neural_network