That's a very interesting question.
I started looking into it recently while trying to understand better convolutional neural networks.
In short: yes! They are called convolutional while in actual practical terms using the cross-correlation operator. So this is a case of a misnomer.
I think the important thing to understand is that correlation and convolution differ only because of a flip that is present in the convolution.
So they differ only because of a sign.
The main difference in practical terms is that the convolution is associative.
This means that
This is not true for the correlation operator.
When training a neural network though, the difference in the sign in front of the i, does not matter because you will adjust your weights in order to optimise your objective function.
This is also explained in another post:
Convolution and Cross Correlation in CNN
In this post, it is also explained that what is actually used for CNN is the cross-correlation operator and not the convolution one.
I hope this helps.
Also, see the notes on convolution from the David Jacobs CS course.