My program gives the following error message:

 AttributeError                            Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-56-8f384e36cbe9> in <module>
     49         print(loss.numpy())
     50         grads = tape.gradient(loss,g.trainable_variables)
---> 51         optimizer.apply_gradients(zip(grads,g.trainable_variables))
     52         values.append(value.numpy())
     53     print('... Value =',values[-1])

~/.local/lib/python3.6/site-packages/tensorflow/python/keras/optimizer_v2/optimizer_v2.py in apply_gradients(self, grads_and_vars, name)
    437       self._prepare(var_list)
--> 439       return distribute_ctx.get_replica_context().merge_call(
    440           self._distributed_apply,
    441           args=(grads_and_vars,),

AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'merge_call'

The interesting lines are:

epochs = 20
batch_size = 100
learning_rate = 0.01
g = G()
optimizer = Adam(learning_rate)
values = []
matrix = tf.constant(np.tri(NT+1),dtype=tf.float32)
for epoch in range(epochs):
    print(' Epoch',epoch+1)
    batches = dataset.shuffle(sample_size).batch(batch_size,drop_remainder=True)
    for batch in batches:
        with tf.GradientTape() as tape:
            g_values = tf.reduce_sum(g(batch),2)
            g_integrals = tf.tensordot(g_values,matrix,[[1],[1]]) * T/(NT+1)
            f_values = f(batch)
            # print(f_values.numpy())
            integrand = f_values * tf.exp(-g_values)
            value = tf.reduce_mean(integrand) * T + tf.log(2.)/alpha
            loss = -value
        grads = tape.gradient(loss,g.trainable_variables)

I do not see the point. f_values, integrand, loss, grads all contain no inf or nan, just ordinary tf.float32 numbers, idem g.trainable_variables. On another PC, the same code works fine. I use TensorFlow, see:

import numpy as np
import tensorflow as tf
from tensorflow.keras.models import Model
from tensorflow.keras.layers import Dense,BatchNormalization
from tensorflow.keras.optimizers import Adam

(The tf.enable_eager_execution command is set because, for a reason I do not know, "pip install tensorflow==2.0.0-beta1" only installs tensorflow 1.4.0, according to


.) The network architecture is as follows:

class G(Model):
    def __init__(self,depth=2,hidden_units=32,dim=dim):
        self.depth = depth
        self.mylayers = []
        for l in range(depth-1):
            self.mylayers.append(Dense(hidden_units,activation='tanh', \
        self.BN = []
        for l in range(depth):

    def call(self,inputs):
        data = inputs
        for l in range(self.depth):
            data = self.BN[l](data)
            data = self.mylayers[l](data)
        return data

Your help would be much appreciated.

  • $\begingroup$ Similar problem here! $\endgroup$ – Hamid Aug 19 '20 at 4:42

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