# Can numerical discrete finite data be always treated also as categorical?

In many sources, for example here data is classified as being qualitative (categorical) and quantitative (numerical). Where numerical data can be continuous or discrete, and discrete can be finite or infinite.

I want to establish if a numerical, discrete and finite data can also be treated as categorical data.

I know that it depends on 'the meaning' of the data and requires some common sense analysis but I want to establish if the following statement is always true:

"Numerical, discrete and finite data can also be a categorical data"

In the classification of data the numerical data is said to have 'mathematical meaning as a measure of something'. But 'technically', without assessing the meaning of the data, it does also make them capable of being a categorical data (ordinal or not), if we strip it from mathematical meaning.

Example can be a following array of items:

Energy

15
15
20
25
25

Every observation has 'Energy' characteristic it can be treated as mathematical discrete and finite numerical value which can be a measurement of energy an item has. But also it can be treated as a category: two items are in 15 category, one in category 20 and two in category 25.

Thanks for confirming this.