in Statistics, the independent variables are inputs over which you have control. The dependent variables are the outcome observed by altering the values of the independent variables. Therefore, the answer is "it depends".
Therefore, if you are studying how alterations of
left values influence the values of
satisfaction level. Then, left values is your independent variables and satisfaction is your independent variables
Instead, if your friend was concluding that variations in
left values causes changes in
Average Monthly Hours and
Promotion Last 5 Years, then, it is a very biased conclusion based on no significant evidence. It would be more appropriate to talk about correlations between variables for which you only know that some behavior appear together (correlated) without identifying any causal effect.