Gridsearch cross-validation can be used to learn the hyper-parameters of a prediction function. Consider that learning and testing of the model on the same data is a big mistake. The chance of having a perfect score but failing to predict anything useful on yet-unseen data (i.e., overfitting) is very high when using the same data for learning and testing. It is common practice when training a model to hold out a part of the data as a test set to prevent overfitting and measure the performance of the model. Also, note that the best hyper-parameters can be determined by grid search techniques and the score resulted from grid search should not be used as a criterion to measure the performance of the model. Please refer to this page for more information
That being said, best_score_ from GridSearchCV is the mean cross-validated score of the best_estimator. For example, in the case of using 5-fold cross-validation, GridSearchCV divides the data into 5 folds and trains the model 5 times. Each time, it puts one fold aside and trains the model based on the remaining 4 folds. Then, it measures the performance of the model based on the left-out fold. Finally, it returns back the mean of the performance of 5 models as the final score.
Now, let's answer this question: what does the best estimator mean? it is the estimator that was chosen by the search or the estimator which gave the highest score (or smallest loss if specified) on the left-out data. GridSearchCV's goal is to find the optimal hyperparameters. It receives a range of parameters as input and it finds the best ones based on the mean score explained above. Grid search trains different models based on different combinations of the input parameters and finally returns the best model or the best estimator. Hence, best_score_ is the mean score of the best estimator.
It is notable that tuning hyperparameters with cross-Validation in the above context is one of the methods that helps you to prevent overfitting.
In your case, 0.8923046854943018 is the mean score of the best estimator. Let's call this score cross-validation score. For your case, I would go with the second case, because in that case there is no overfitting and the cross-validation and test scores are almost the same. In the first case, the cross-validation is significantly higher than the unseen test score and there is overfitting. It means that the model works very well on the train data but not on the unseen data.