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I have this data:

enter image description here

I wanted to compare A and B for matches not by row but rather search A0 if it is in column B and so on. Moreover, I wanted to ignore the .AX in column A because it would not find any matches in column B anyway.

I used this, but it matches values row by row and it returns False or True. I would like to print the matches in a new Column C:

    df3['match'] = df3.A == df3.B

Thank you.

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To clarify, this question is about comparing two columns to check if the 3-letter combinations match.

So, I would approach this in the following manner:

# Extract the 3-letter combinations from column a
df3["a normalised"] = df3["a"].str[:3]

# Then check if what is in `a normalised` is in column b 

b_matches = list(df3[df3[“b”].isin(list(df3[“a normalised”]))][“b”].unique())
df3.loc[:, "match"] = False

b_match_idx = df3[df3["a normalised"].isin(b_matches)].index

df3.at[np.array(b_match_idx),"match"] = True

EDIT: The parentheses have now been resolved. Also the .loc warning can now be mitigated.

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  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for the reply. However, I got a KeyError for column b. I guess there is a parenthesis problem in b_matches = list but I can't make it work. What do you think? $\endgroup$ – Steven Jul 24 at 10:23
  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for the comment @Steven, my parentheses weren't correct, I have edited my answer accordingly. $\endgroup$ – shepan6 Jul 24 at 10:34
  • $\begingroup$ That worked, thanks a lot. I got 2 issues there: 1) It matches values "row by row" but it doesn't match, for example, A0 with B1, B2 and so on, meaning all values in A column are matched with all values in B column, I don't know if I explained correctly. 2) The script works but it returns also this: A value is trying to be set on a copy of a slice from a DataFrame. Try using .loc[row_indexer,col_indexer] = value instead $\endgroup$ – Steven Jul 24 at 11:23
  • $\begingroup$ So what the code should do is that it set the values in the match column to be true if any of the values in the a normalised exists in the b column. It doesn't tell you which ones it matches with. Do you want me to include this in the implementation? The warning comes about from the df3["match"] line. I will properly edit this again when I hear from you. $\endgroup$ – shepan6 Jul 24 at 11:33
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    $\begingroup$ Got you thank you for the comment @Steven, this should now have resolved that, I have obtained the indices where the 3-letter combinations from column a normalised exist in column b and then used the .at() method to convert those indices which do 'match' to become True. $\endgroup$ – shepan6 Jul 24 at 14:53

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