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I am trying to classify satellite based images by creating a region of interest and then classifying according to it.

I am using a Jupyter notebook using python to do that.

I used a Random forest classifier and got a nice model and result, but the problem is that the image is "over classified" meaning that all the pixels et value and force to be classified.

I would like to define level of similarity that a pixel has to have in order to be classified, otherwise, it will not get any class.

For example, the black suppose to be asphalt:

enter image description here

However, in the RGB, you can see it's not asphalt:

enter image description here

Is there any way to define in random forest or any other algorithm "level os similarity"? (For example something similar to n-D angle to match pixels to reference like ised in SAM, but under random forest, or another algorithm that allows define that)

SAM- https://www.harrisgeospatial.com/docs/SpectralAngleMapper.html

My end goal: to get "unclassified" values based on similarity level to the calibration data

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It seems you can use RandomForest to get probabilities of being in both class by using predict_proba(X).

You could just get thoses probs, get the higher one (which is currently the class assigned to your data), and manually set a threshold, for example setting that if the most probable class is at less than 75%, then you manually classifies it as "Unknown"

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