# Softmax regression cost function code [closed]

I really do not understand what does this code do

M = sparse.coo_matrix((*n, (Y, range(n))), shape=(k,n)).toarray() The code is related to calculating the sparse function in this equation, but I am really confused and I do not know how it iterates through it and what is: 1- sparse.coo_matrix 2- (Y, range(n))) 3-shape=(k,n)).toarray() ??

Also, What exactly does this term means in the equation and how to interpret it into code: Thank you , and please forgive my poor English.

• $$- \frac{1}{n}$$ has the minus because it wants to minimize.
• $$\sum_{i=1}^{n}$$ means for each data point.
• $$\sum_{j=0}^{k-1}$$ means for each class.
• $$y_i == j$$ means that the fraction after this term is calculated only for true class. This check makes sense because y true is an OHE vector like [0, 0, 1], therefore you want to evaluate only the predicted probability associated with the true class. Take into account softmax function: if you increase the probability of a single output in output in the softmax you are implicitly reducing the probabilities of the other outputs.
• $$+ \frac{\lambda}{2} \dots$$ is a l2 regularization term on the model parameters.
• OHE = one hot encoding. $y_i$ is the label of ith row of the dataset like 3, 4 etc. (a discrete number). Therefore y_i == j means that you evaluate in the loss function only the jth output of the model that corresponds the probability of class j Oct 19 '20 at 21:43