The context

I have a 3D array (representing a grayscale 3D image) and want to turn this into another 3D array of the same size. In this output array the value of each pixel is a number that measures how likely the corresponding point in the input array is to be a sort of edge. So it is kind of like an edge detector (such as the Sobel filter), only it is very specific to this situation. Several formulas have been designed for this specific situation to accomplish this, but I would like to do it with a neural net. In order to train this net, I obtained some examples of 3D images and their corresponding 3D outputs that have been obtained through such complicated filter methods.

My approach

I want to use transfer learning (since my dataset is not very big) and most pre-trained models are for 2D image classification. Therefore I plan to split the 3D images into slices of 2D images and basically solve the same problem in 2D. I know this will throw away some information, but it might still be good enough. For the input image I could also take 3 adjacent slices and put them into 3 RGB channels, so that I throw away less information. As a model I would take one of those pre-trained 2D image classification models, only keep some of the convolutional layers in the beginning of the network and then add an extra layer that outputs an image of the correct size. I'm using Keras for this.

My problems

I currently have two practical problems with this approach:

  1. Ideally I would use something like a Wasserstein loss function, since it's not a problem if an edge lies a few pixels too much to the right, for example. Is there any way in Keras to use this loss function for training such an "ordinary" neural network? When I search for it, I only find examples of GANs, which is not what I want.
  2. I would like to save these 2D images (both the input images and the target images) in a folder and then load the images in this folder into python. However, I don't know how to do this (efficiently) while matching each image with the correct target image. In example projects that I can find (on image classification) this usually isn't a problem since the image label is inferred from the name of the image. Do you have any idea how I can do this? (I'm new to machine learning, so sorry if this is a stupid question.)

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.