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Please see this image:

There are linear layers to modify the Query, key and value matrices and one linear layer after the multi head attention as they mention also from here:

Are these linear layers simply dense or fully connected layers? Let's consider the weight matrix Wi Q. Does this represent a dense layer with "Q" nodes? As they are using matrices as input rather than 1D vectors, I am getting a little confused.

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In the original Transformer article, these linear layers are just matrix multiplications.

As described in the paragraph you referred to in your question $W^Q$ is a matrix of dimensions $d_{model} \times d_k$, that is, it is a fully connected layer with $d_k$ units.

In practical implementations, these have the optional addition of a bias vector. You can see their actual definition in the fairseq code.

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  • $\begingroup$ In that case, are the weights of the linear layer same for each row of Q? $\endgroup$
    – fac120
    May 20 at 16:10
  • $\begingroup$ Yes, for each attention head, the same $W^Q_i$ is applied to all query vectors in $Q$. $\endgroup$
    – noe
    May 20 at 16:16
  • $\begingroup$ Thank you for all the help :) $\endgroup$
    – fac120
    May 20 at 17:39

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