Questions tagged [mini-batch-gradient-descent]

Is a variation of the gradient descent algorithm that splits the training dataset into small batches that are used to calculate model error and update model coefficients. Implementations may choose to sum the gradient over the mini-batch which further reduces the variance of the gradient. The point of using mini-batch is that you are able to update your weights more than once each epoch, so your model gets better. Mini-batch is considered more efficient.

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9 views

Hidden state dimensions in Pytorch LSTM

Please read the question completely before you mark it as duplicate I was trying to understand the syntax of using an LSTM in PyTorch. I came across the following in PyTorch docs. ...
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Tuning Batch size and Learning rate in neural net

The following MCQ question is provided in "Exam Readiness: AWS Certified Machine Learning - Specialty" document. The correct answer has been marked in the document but I am not able to ...
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RMSprop in weight update - what if vertical slopes small and horizontal slopes large?

I have a question regarding the intuition behind RMSprop, As shown in the lecture video of Deep Learning Specialization by Andrew Ng, RMSprop helps to reduce the oscillation (the values of the ...
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Minibatches when training on two datasets of different size

Suppose I have two datasets, $X$ and $Y$, of different sizes. I am training two networks together, one which takes inputs $x\in X$, and the other takes inputs $y\in Y$. The two networks share ...
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Sequential batch processing vs parallel batch processing?

In deep learning based model training, in general batch of inputs are passed. For example for training a deep learning model with [512] dimensional input feature vector, say for batch size= 4, we ...
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Minibatch SGD performs better than Adam for Region proposal network training

I am using both minibatch SGD (with momentum) and Adam for training a region proposal network. The library used is KERAS. The batch size in both cases is 5 and initial learning rate is 0.01. The ...
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Can the 'Rainbow Algorithm' be scaled up and sped up?

What's the proper way to train the algorithm with bigger batches or otherwise speed it up? The 'Rainbow Algorithm' is a Deep Q, Reinforcement Learning algorithm with two neural networks that I would ...
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Compare rate of change for multiple object/weights

For a Neural Network, the weight update equation is: However, there are millions of such weights W_i. If I am interested in capturing how much each weight/connection W_i is changing as compared to ...
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Minimizing Costfunction in a Feedforward MLP

I made a sweep on a feedforward MLP changing number of layers and neurons per layer, in order to see an effect on the costfunction. Costfunction = 0.5 (Trainingoutput - Modeloutput)^2. For the ...
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How do i get the loss function graph?

I used Mini-batch gradient descent to train the model, but i am unable to get the proper loss graph. The loss graph is always showed as a straight line. I know there is something wrong but would ...
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why would you mask out padded activations from the training loss?

I've followed taming-lstm for training a LSTM model on a NLP task in batches with various sentence lengths. One of his main points is: Trick 3: Mask out network outputs we don’t want to consider in ...
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When to use Gradient boosting over stochastic gradient boosting

Gradient boosting works on the Gradient Descent concept and it's one of the ensemble methods. It has a regularization parameter to select subsamples, which is called stochastic gradient boosting. ...
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larger batches decrease learning rate because of a technical artifact?

I'm training a neural network for a classification task and experimenting with different batch sizes. I'm using the negative log likelihood loss averaged over the ...
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Why are mini-batches degrading my conv net MNIST classifier?

I have made a convolutional neural network from scratch in python to classify the MNIST handwritten digits (centralized). It is composed of a single convolutional network with 8 3x3 kernels, a 2x2 ...
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607 views

Changing the batch size during training

The choice of batch size is in some sense the measure of stochasticity : On one hand, smaller batch sizes make the gradient descent more stochastic, the SGD can deviate significantly from the exact ...
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Neural Network Optimization steps order

I have a very basic question on the optimization algotithm, when I'm adjusting weights and biases in a NN, should I: Forward propagate and backpropagate to calculate gradient descent (DC) for each ...
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581 views

In sequence models, is it possible to have training batches with different timesteps each to reduce the required padding per input sequence?

I want to train an LSTM model with variable length inputs. Specifically I want to use as little padding as possible while still using minibatches. As far as I understand each batch requires a fixed ...
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How to implement large-scale Poisson Regression in Python

I am trying to implement a Poisson Regression in Python to predict rates. I am dealing with a ton of data (too much to store in a DataFrame), which means that using the standard statsmodels.api GLM ...
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Why Mini batch gradient descent is faster than gradient descent?

According to me: Mini Batch Gradient Descent : 1.It takes a specified batch number say 32. 2.Evaluate loss on 32 examples. 3.Update weights. 4.Repeat until every example is complete. 5.Repeat till a ...
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With Stochastic Gradient Descent why we dont compute exact derivative of loss function?

In a blog I read this: With Stochastic Gradient Descent we don’t compute the exact derivate of our loss function. Instead, we’re estimating it on a small batch. blog. Now I am confused with the whole ...
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In Mini Batch Gradient Descent what happens to remaining examples

Suppose my dataset has 1000 samples (X=1000) . I choose batch size of 32. As 1000 is not perfectly divisible by 32 , remainder is 8. My question is what happens to the last 8 examples. Are they ...
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Will stochastic gradient descent converge for multivariate linear regression

I am trying to figure out if stochastic gradient descent for a multivariate linear regression will converge (assuming there is no mini-batching, i.e., the batch size is 1). My guess is yes, based on ...
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How much of a problem is each member of a batch having the same label?

I have a batch size of 128 and a total data size of around 10 million, and I am classifying between 4 different label values. How much of a problem is it if each batch only contains data with one ...
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Why is my LSTM is working best with batch size of 2 and no hidden layers?

I am building an LSTM for price prediction using Keras. I am using Bayesian optimization to find the right hyperparameters. With ...
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324 views

mini batch vs. batch gradient descent

In batch gradient descent, it is said that one iteration of gradient descent update takes the processing of whole entire dataset, which I believe makes an epoch.On the other hand, in mini batch ...
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Mini Batch Gradient Descent shuffling

My data set is of shape (60,784,1000) with mini batches for input and (60,10,1000) for labels, should I shuffle only the 60 mini batches or the training examples themselves?
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Displaying network error as a single value

I've been writing a neural network from scratch. I've completed the feedforward, backpropagation, and mini-batch gradient descent methods, so I can train the network. Other neural networks I've worked ...
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Does small batch size improve the model?

I'm training an LSTM with Keras. I've noticed that the smaller the batch size, the more the loss decreases during periods: so ...
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Tensorflow - Manually decay Adam optimizer

I've been experimenting with reinforcement learning and using the train_on_batch method of tf.keras.models.Model to update the ...
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Plotting Gradient Descent in 3d - Contour Plots

I have generated 3 parameters along with the cost function. I have the $\theta$ lists and the cost list of 100 values from the 100 iterations. I would like to plot the last 2 parameters against cost ...
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184 views

Does Minibatch reduce drawback of SGD?

Many expert said "Batch has more local optimal possibility than SGD". But, I don't know the reason.. How SGD could avoid local optimal better than Batch? (Some people tell me about over shooting as ...
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Which batch size to use when Batch Normalization?

I want to train a CNN in Keras (optimizer Adam) and by using batch normalization after every ConvLayer and before every activation layer. So far I mostly see examples in which training is carried out ...
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Why is taking the gradient of the average error in SGD not correct, but rather the average of the gradients of single errors?

I am a little confused about taking averages in cost functions and SGD. So far I always thought in SGD you would compute the average error for a batch and then backpropagate it. But then I was told in ...
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234 views

Does it make sense to train an Autoencoder for Dimensionality Reduction using Mini-Batch Gradient Descent?

I want to reduce the dimensionality of a dataset using a stacked Autoencoder. The size of the dataset and the computing power at my disposal make it very difficult to train the Network using simple, ...
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How to find learning rate decay?

Given the number of epochs, batch size and learning rate, is there a formula by which I can calculate the learning rate decay in mini batch SGD?
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126 views

SGD vs SGD in mini batches

So I recently finished a mini batches algorithm for a library in building in java(artificial neural network lib). I then followed to train my network for an XOR problem in mini batches size of 2 or 3, ...
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111 views

Can we use decreasing step size to replace mini-batch in SGD?

As far as I know, mini-batch can be used to reduce the variance of the gradient, but I am also considering if we can achieve the same result if we use the decreasing step size and only single sample ...
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125 views

What is the difference between different batch_sizes in Keras Sequential models?

I am interested to know, what happens when I choose batch_size=1 or batch_size=1000 or any other numbers in ...
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Mini-batches with sequential data

I am a little bit confused. When using mini-batches, it is a good idea to shuffle. This will not work if the training examples are dependent on each other, e.g. 5 minute voltage measurement data, ...
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934 views

Powers of 2 for batch_size in model fit in deep learning

I am currently reading Deep Learning with Python by Francois Chollet, the author of Keras, and in one of his definitions for Mini-batch, he explains that the power of 2 for the ...
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386 views

training model on random samples from a large dataset

I have a huge data set(More than 1 million data points).My dataset is text. i am doing NER on it to identify few entities. if i randomly choose 100 data points from the total data set and train my ...
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713 views

splitting of training examples into the mini batch: what to do with the rest tiny mini-batch?

Lets assume I have 103 training examples. I want a mini-batch to be of the size 16. That means that there will be 6 mini-batches of the size 16 and one mini-batch of the size 7. In the tensor flow ...
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470 views

Setting batch size: training requires twice as much memory as validating

I am using Keras with a Tensorflow backend to train an Image Classification model on a GPU. I have read somewhere that training uses roughly twice (both forward and back props) the GPU memory of ...
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Latent loss in variational autoencoder drowns generative loss

I'm trying to run a variational auto-encoder on the CIFAR-10 dataset, for which I've put together a simple network in TensorFlow with 4 layers in the encoder and decoder each, an encoded vector size ...
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Why averaging the gradient works in Gradient Descent?

In Full-batch Gradient descent or Minibatch-GD we are getting gradient from several training examples. We then average them out to get a "high-quality" gradient, from several estimations and finally ...
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Train loss vs validation loss

I have a few basic questions about tracking losses during training. If I am using mini-batch training, should I validate after each batch update or after I have seen the entire dataset? What should ...
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Point of dropping weights in mini batch for purpose of regularization

I have been reading "drop" is a method to regularize model better. It's purpose is to update only some % of weights in backprop and it helps you to not over fit the model. But I am wondering, is this ...
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221 views

Online vs minibatch training for speed

If I do online learning in a setting where I have a HUGE amount of data, is that faster than doing minibatch learning (even if I optimize my batch size for GPU use, that is, use a multiple of 32 ...
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Vowpal Wabbit Online Normalization -- Possible to parallelize?

Vowpal Wabbit (VW) uses online normalization as explained here [1]. When running VW with multiple workers, workers synchronize their models with an AllReduce at the end of each epoch. Is it possible ...