Questions tagged [vector-space-models]

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Approximate maximum dot product between a vector and set of vectors using only a single vector representation for the latter

If we have a vector $q$ and a set of vectors $D = \{d_1, d_2, ..., d_l\}$ is there a way to create functions $QF$ and $DF$ such that $QF(q)^TDF(D) \approx \max_i(q^Td_i)$ ? Use case: I want to build ...
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1answer
18 views

Dummy vectors and performance measurement for vector search Face Recognition

I have about thousands of person face (from celebrity dataset LFW), which each person represented by 512 x 1 vector. I stored it on vector DB to build face searching system using embedded feature (...
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1answer
30 views

how to calculate similarity between users based on movie ratings

Hi I am working on a movie recommendation system and I have to find alikeness between the main user and other users. For example, the main user watched 3 specific movies and rated them as 8,5,7. A ...
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14 views

target encoding and weighting

I am working on a project in which I use data of movies and I represent each movie as a vector of length of 15. So there are 15 features ranging from genre to director. Most of the features are ...
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13 views

one hot encoding and multi hot encoding together

Hi for a project I am representing movies in a vectoral format. One thing I want to ask is can I use both one hot encoding and multi hot encoding together on my representation. There are limited ...
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1answer
26 views

Word2Vec: Identifying many-to-one relationships between words

Standard introductory examples in Word2Vec, like king - queen = man - woman and tokyo - japan = london - uk, involve one-to-one ...
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1answer
27 views

Non-commutative distance formula

I am trying to find a distance formula or a method that can give the non-commutative distance between two points in a feature space. Suppose there are two movies represented in an R^n feature space. ...
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0answers
12 views

what is store in leaf node and split node in Annoy or any approximate nearest neighbor model built using tree?

Im trying to understand the working of annoy and have read the code _make_tree since im not from C++ background im trying hard to figure out the logic of whats stored in leaf node and split node ,you ...
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0answers
48 views

Is it acceptable to append information to word embeddings?

Let's say I have my 300 dimensional word embedding trained with Word2Vec and it contains 10,000 word vectors. I have additional data on the 10,000 words in the form of a vector (10,000x1), containing ...
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0answers
53 views

Is normalizing term weight necessary when cosine similarity is used in retrieval?

When using cosine similarity in information retrieval, document vector length and query vector length are used for normalization. So if TF-IDF is used as a weighting function, then using raw frequency ...
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0answers
16 views

Learning affinity among features

A batch of semantic objects in the image (lesions in CT scans) are represented in feature space, $X_{B \times C}$. I want to represent the whole batch in a single vector, $1 \times C$, in order to ...
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35 views

Convert TFIDF Values to Vector Space Model

I'm working on a project using tf-idf values and cosine similarity for clustering. As my database (elasticsearch) provides tfidf values out of the box (term_freq & doc_freq), my code involves ...
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19 views

How can I model the autocorrelation of objective variables under the situation where we can't observe any actual objective variable in the test phase

I'm trying to model the relationship between the declared value from a subject and stimulus. For example, modeling a relationship between the subject's happiness and strength of stimulus so that we ...
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36 views

How to compare cosine distances across two groups of words?

I am using a word2vec model based on Wikipedia corpus. I was looking for a way to quantify if two sets of words - s1= {a1, a2...}...
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1answer
35 views

How come same cluster category be separated?

I have these 200 vectors which were clustered using K-means clustering based on keywords weight similarity that was given by TF-IDF (Term Frequency - Inverse Document Frequency). The vectors were ...
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2answers
33 views

Is it accurate to say that “K-means clustering the vectors based on keywords weight similarity”?

Long story short, I have 200 vectors as a result of TF-IDF (Term Frequency - Inverse Document Frequency) on thousands of keywords in hundreds of vectors. The total number of unique keywords that I got ...
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1answer
44 views

what is the difference between positional vector and attention vector used in transformer model?

what is the difference between positional vector and attention vector used in transformer model ? , i saw a video in youtue and the defintion for positional vector was give as :* "vector that ...
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1answer
137 views

How can we use the cosine similarity formula on document feature vector without a direction?

In mathematics, a vector has both magnitude and direction. In data science, for identifying document similarity we convert the document into a feature vector. Then apply cosine angle formula between ...
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2answers
30 views

How to represent a document in test data with the Document-Term Matrix created from the training set?

I build a classifier of documents using the vector representation of each document in the training set (i.e a row in the Document-Term Matrix). Now I need to test the model on the test data. But how ...
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1answer
33 views

Why is n-grams language independent?

I don't understand how n-grams are language independent. I've read that by using character n-grams of a word than the word itself as dimensions of a vector space model, we can skip the language-...
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1answer
175 views

Can 2 different OOV words get the same vector in FastText?

Since FastText sums up the vectors(order is not considered) of an OOV word's subwords, is it possible for two different OOV words to get the same vector ? If so, then can you give an example?
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0answers
4k views

Getting 'ValueError: setting an array element with a sequence.' when attempting to fit mixed-type data

I have already seen this, this and this question, but none of the suggestions seemed to fix my problem (so I have reverted them). I have the following code: ...
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0answers
26 views

What is the best technique to transform documents into vectors?

What is the best algorithm between doc2vec and Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) to transform a set of 600 documents of around 1000 words each into vectors ?
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2answers
191 views

ways to represent document by its keyword vectors

I have documents, say for example, D1, D2, D3... Dm. Every Di has its individual components or keywords k1, k2, k3,... kn, where ki is an n-dimensional vector. The number of individual components ...
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2answers
478 views

How to dual encode two sentences to show similarity score

I've been trying to grasp the concept of Google's semantic experiences. By using it, I'm planning to implement a semantic query tool. With universal sentence encoder I can first pre-encode all ...
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1answer
33 views

Can I sum up feature vectors of a user‘s collection?

I want to find items that are similar to items users already have in their collection. Every item has attributes, so I created feature vectors where every element of the vector represents an attribute ...
1
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1answer
65 views

What are the main distribution semantics based algorithms?

I am aware that LSI, RRI and word embeddings are distributional semantics models. However, I am not certain if the below mentioned are also distributional semantic models. Non-Negative Tensor ...
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0answers
50 views

How can I train a model to modify a vector by rewarding the model based on the modified vectors nearest neighbors?

I am experimenting with a document retrieval system in which I have documents represented as vectors. When queries come in, they are turned to vectors by the same method as used for the documents. The ...
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3answers
844 views

Machine learning - Algorithm suggestion for my problem using NLP

I am looking for a machine learning algorithm for my problem. I have a set of sentences like, ...
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2answers
4k views

NN embedding layer

Several neural network libraries such as tensorflow and pytorch offer an Embedding layer. Having implemented word2vec in the past, I understand the reasoning behind wanting a lower dimensional ...
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1answer
689 views

Stacking/Concatenating/Combining two vector space models

I have two vector-space models, with different dimensions. The number of vectors in one model is the same as the number of vectors in the other. I.E: if I have vector representation for a car in one ...
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2answers
107 views

Collection Of Variable Length Sequences and Descriptions: A Search Problem

I have a tough problem and need some advice: Suppose I have a collection of variable length sequences, many of which are unique -- imagine the moves to a chess game, eg d4 Nf6 c4 g6 Nc3 Bg7 ...
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2answers
730 views

Confusion with cosine similarity

In information retrieval when we calculate the cosine similarity between the query features vector and the document features vector we penalize the unseen words in the query. Example if we have two ...
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1answer
455 views

How to improve Vector Space Models with semantic similarity?

I try to construct a classic querying system where I find the most probable candidate text for a query by computing cosine similarities of TFIDF vectors of normalized text of possible answers. This ...