Cluster analysis or clustering is the task of grouping a set of objects in such a way that objects in the same group (called a cluster) are more similar (in some sense or another) to each other than to those in other groups (clusters). It is a main task of exploratory data mining, and a common technique for statistical data analysis, used in many fields, including machine learning, pattern recognition, image analysis, information retrieval etc.
Cluster analysis is the task of grouping objects into subsets (called clusters) so that observations in the same cluster are similar in some sense, while observations in different clusters are dissimilar.
In machine-learning and data-mining, clustering is a method of unsupervised learning used to discover hidden structure in unlabeled data, and is commonly used in exploratory data analysis. Popular algorithms include k-means, expectation maximization (EM), spectral clustering, correlation clustering and hierarchical clustering.
Related topics: classification, pattern-recognition, knowledge discovery, taxonomy. Not to be confused with cluster computing.