118 votes

How to get correlation between two categorical variable and a categorical variable and continuous variable?

Two Categorical Variables Checking if two categorical variables are independent can be done with Chi-Squared test of independence. This is a typical Chi-Square test: if we assume that two variables ...
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69 votes
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In supervised learning, why is it bad to have correlated features?

Correlated features in general don't improve models (although it depends on the specifics of the problem like the number of variables and the degree of correlation), but they affect specific models in ...
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  • 1,147
49 votes
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Does XGBoost handle multicollinearity by itself?

Decision trees are by nature immune to multi-collinearity. For example, if you have 2 features which are 99% correlated, when deciding upon a split the tree will choose only one of them. Other models ...
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44 votes
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Pearson vs Spearman vs Kendall

Correlation is a bivariate analysis that measures the strength of association between two variables and the direction of the relationship. In terms of the strength of the relationship, the value of ...
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  • 2,301
34 votes

In supervised learning, why is it bad to have correlated features?

(Assuming you are talking about supervised learning) Correlated features will not always worsen your model, but they will not always improve it either. There are three main reasons why you would ...
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23 votes

Does XGBoost handle multicollinearity by itself?

I was curious about this and made a few tests. I’ve trained a model on the diamonds dataset, and observed that the variable “x” is the most important to predict whether the price of a diamond is ...
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21 votes

Does XGBoost handle multicollinearity by itself?

There is an answer from Tianqi Chen (2018). This difference has an impact on a corner case in feature importance analysis: the correlated features. Imagine two features perfectly correlated, ...
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  • 310
16 votes

If A and B are correlated and A and C are correlated. Why is it possible for B and C to be uncorrelated?

Imagine a random point on a plane with coordinates $(x, y)$, where $x, y \in [-1, 1]$. A = both $x$ and $y$ are positive B = $x$ is positive C = $y$ is positive It is clear A is correlated with ...
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15 votes
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Dissmissing features based on correlation with target variable

You've really got a classification problem on your hands, not a regression problem. Your target is not continuous, and Pearson correlation measures a relationship between continuous variables really. ...
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  • 6,386
13 votes

In supervised learning, why is it bad to have correlated features?

Why is Multicollinearity a Potential Problem? A key goal of regression analysis is to isolate the relationship between each independent variable and the dependent variable. The interpretation of a ...
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13 votes

If A and B are correlated and A and C are correlated. Why is it possible for B and C to be uncorrelated?

EDIT I have a better simulation ...
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  • 2,705
11 votes
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Is there an asymmetric version of nominal correlation?

I found what I was looking for - it's called Theil's U, or the Uncertainty Coefficient. I've used it in this Kaggle kernel, you can check it out for an example and code implementation in Python EDIT:...
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  • 679
9 votes

Airline Fares - What analysis should be used to detect competitive price-setting behavior and price correlations?

Word of warning from a former airline Revenue Management analyst: you might be barking up the wrong tree with this approach. Apologies for the wall of text that follows, but this data is a lot more ...
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  • 191
8 votes
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Is a correlation matrix meaningful for a binary classification task?

Well correlation, namely Pearson coefficient, is built for continuous data. Thus when applied to binary/categorical data, you will obtain measure of a relationship which does not have to be correct ...
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  • 1,631
8 votes

In supervised learning, why is it bad to have correlated features?

In perspective of storing data in databases, storing correlated features is somehow similar to storing redundant information which it may cause wasting of storage and also it may cause inconsistent ...
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  • 13.3k
7 votes
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Why is pandas corr() deleting columns?

Pearson's correlation is the default correlation used with Pandas corr method. Categorical features ( not numerical ) are ignored during this process due to their nature of not being continuous. It ...
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  • 1,934
7 votes
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Is autocorrelation of residuals a problem in machine learning?

Yes, autocorrelation in residuals is a problem, but this is essentially because it is a clear illustration that there was more learnable information in the process you are modelling but your model ...
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6 votes
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How do i interpret this correlation

No. From this correlation matrix you cannot draw the conclusion that as long as the student has good gpa and good gre even though his Alma Mater's prestige is low - he will get admitted in a ...
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6 votes
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Generate predictions that are orthogonal (uncorrelated) to a given variable

This requirement can be satisfied by adding sufficient noise to predictions $\hat{y}$ to decorrelate them from orthogonal values $v$. Ideally, if $\hat{y}$ is already decorrelated from $v$, no noise ...
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  • 8,479
6 votes

If A and B are correlated and A and C are correlated. Why is it possible for B and C to be uncorrelated?

You can see it with a constructive technique: Let's say A and B are correlated A and C are correlated B and C is uncorrelated How is it possible for B and C to be uncorrelated when they are both ...
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  • 181
6 votes

Is autocorrelation of residuals a problem in machine learning?

Choose model A, if autocorrelation is significant residuals="mistakes in predictions" should be completely random, i.e. follow White noise. Now if something is significantly autocorrelated ...
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  • 5,271
5 votes
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What is the best Data Mining algorithm for prediction based on a single variable?

Common rule in machine learning is to try simple things first. For predicting continuous variables there's nothing more basic than simple linear regression. "Simple" in the name means that there's ...
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  • 2,771
5 votes

In supervised learning, why is it bad to have correlated features?

Sometimes correlated features -- and the duplication of information that provides -- does not hurt a predictive system. Consider an ensemble of decision trees, each of which considers a sample of rows ...
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5 votes
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Generalization of Correlation Coefficient

I assume that when you speak of correlation coeficient, you have the Pearson linear correlation in mind. Indeed, there are other options. Two very popular ones are the rank correlations respectively ...
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  • 301
5 votes

Correlation vs Multicollinearity

I'll go through your questions one by one: What if we have to check the correlation between a continuous and categorical variable? One option is to use point biserial correlation. You can read more ...
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  • 5,677
5 votes
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Several independent variables based on the same underlying data

For predictive power, in general, including both shouldn't be a problem. But there is a lot of nuance here. Foremost, if predictive power isn't all you care about: if you're making statistical ...
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  • 9,303
4 votes

Airline Fares - What analysis should be used to detect competitive price-setting behavior and price correlations?

In addition to exploratory data analysis (EDA), both descriptive and visual, I would try to use time series analysis as a more comprehensive and sophisticated analysis. Specifically, I would perform ...
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4 votes

Determine highly correlated segments

The idea you have in mind is called "feature selection" or "attribute selection". The fact that you have a categorical dependent variable and continuous independent variables is mostly irrelevant ...
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