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A topic model describes text from a large corpus as a probability distribution over topics which are probability distributions over words. There are quantified contributions from all topics to a specific text.

A topic model is a type of statistical model for discovering the abstract "topics" that occur in a collection of documents. Intuitively, given that a document is about a particular topic, one would expect particular words to appear in the document more or less frequently: "dog" and "bone" will appear more often in documents about dogs, "cat" and "meow" will appear in documents about cats (source: wikipedia)

Generative models (i.e. the statistical models used for topic modelling)

  • Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA)
  • Hierarchical Dirichlet process (HDP)
  • Non-Negative Matrix Factorisation

Software / Libraries