I am using R programming language and using Keras API to build a functional 1D CNN.

I have a matrix of my dataset of the following shape rows*features (6000*1024).

The input layer is set using the following code:

input_layer = layer_input(shape = 1024, batch_shape = c(nrow(train_matrix),1024), dtype = 'float64') 

and then I am building a 1d conv layer as follows:

conv1 = input_layer %>% layer_conv_1d(filters = 32, kernel_size = 50, strides = 10, input_shape = 1024, batch_input_shape = list(NULL, 1024) ,dtype = 'float64', activation = 'relu' )

But I get the following error:

Error in py_call_impl(callable, dots$args, dots$keywords) : ValueError: Input 0 is incompatible with layer conv1d: expected ndim=3, found ndim=2

I believe it is due to the fact that 1D cnn layer expects the input in the following form

Input shape: 3D tensor with shape: (batch_size, steps, input_dim)

I understand that I have to reshape my data as (NULL, nrow(train_matrix), 1; as this has been suggested in various answer for the same issue arising for keras when used in Python.

If I am right,

  1. what values should I provide to input layer
  2. how should i reshape my training data?
  3. does that mean I have to reshape the test data as well?

also if my understanding is wrong what should be done otherwise ?


1 Answer 1


The input layer was producing a 2d tensor, whereas 1d convolutional layer expects a 3d tensor as input. A good explanation of as to why keras expects it and how should you reshape your 2d input to 3d can be found in this answer.

I used Keras R API function k_reshape( 2d_tensor, (list_of_new_dims)) --> k_reshape(input_layer, list(nrow(train_matrix), num_of_feature_vectors, 1).

nrow(train_matrix) - the total number of rows in my matrix (no of samples)

num_of_feature_vectors - total number of columns in matrix (total number of features)

1 - i want a 3d tensor with only 1 element at z axis, therefore z axis is initialised to 1


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