The tag has no usage guidance.

31 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
31 views

### Problem of constant shift in prediction for neural network regression model with gradient-domain loss function

I'm training a regression model using neural network which is trained on MSE of both output and spatial gradient of output. With some simplification, the model is: $$y = f(\mathbf{x};\theta)$$ where ...
20 views

I am trying to understand gradient calculation for skip gram with softmax output and cross entropy loss. I am referring these articles: 1, 2, 3. The all calculate the error as follows: $$E=-\sum_{c=1}... 0 votes 0 answers 64 views ### How does tensorflow keras lambda layer pass gradients? Tensorflow / Keras has a Lambda layer which aids in working with arbitrary expressions as a Layer object. In my understanding a layer should be differentiable so that gradients can propagate through ... 0 votes 0 answers 2k views ### How to correctly create a PyTorch Tensor from a Pandas DataFrame? I have loaded my data into a Pandas DataFrame, and performed some pre-processing, and then I need to convert it into a PyTorch Tensor for training as my features data. Obviously, This new tensor do ... 1 vote 1 answer 27 views ### How do we derive our loss function from the gradient objective? I've been dwelling through RL theory and practice and one particular part I find hard to properly understand is the relation between the practical loss function and ... 0 votes 0 answers 117 views ### calculating derivative of bias in backpropagation Looking at the algorithm in wikipedia, we can implement backpropagation by calculating:$$\delta^{L}=\left(f^{L}\right)'\cdot\nabla_{a^{L}}C$$(where I treat \left(f^{L}\right)' as an n\times n ... 0 votes 1 answer 268 views ### Why would we add regularization loss to the gradient itself in an SVM? I'm doing CS 231n on my own. I'm looking at this solution to a question that implements a SVM. Relevant code: ... 1 vote 1 answer 10 views ### Gradient Ascent and directional derivative Suppose that you want to estimate a local maximum of the real function f(x,y,z) with gradient ascent. Given a starting point (x_0, y_0, z_0), the approach is to compute the gradient at this ... 1 vote 0 answers 30 views ### How to interpret integrated gradients in an NLP toxic text classification use-case? I am trying to understand how integrated gradients work in the NLP case. Let F: \mathbb{R}^{n} \rightarrow[0,1] a function representing a neural network, x \in \mathbb{R}^{n} an input and x' \in ... 3 votes 1 answer 261 views ### Differentiable approximation for counting negative values in array I have an array of time of arrivals and I want to convert it to count data using pytorch in a differentiable way. Example arrival times: ... 1 vote 0 answers 19 views ### Central finite distance gradient simplified [closed] I'm asked to compute central finite difference scheme (f(i+1)-f(i-1)) on an image. My attempt is something like: ... 1 vote 0 answers 72 views ### Which Neural Network or Gradient Boosting framework is the simplest for Custom Loss Functions? I need to implement a custom loss function. The function is relatively simple:$$-\sum \limits_{i=1}^m [O_{1,i} \cdot y_i-1] \ \cdot \ \operatorname{ReLu}(O_{1,i} \cdot \hat{y_i} - 1)$$With O being ... 3 votes 1 answer 4k views ### How batch normalization layer resolve the vanishing gradient problem? According to this article: https://towardsdatascience.com/the-vanishing-gradient-problem-69bf08b15484 The vanishing gradient problem occurs when using the sigmoid ... 0 votes 1 answer 51 views ### Vanishing gradient problem In a neural network, does gradient vanish during a great number epochs as well, rather that only vanishing through different layers? 1 vote 1 answer 627 views ### Why does my manual derivative of Layer Normalization imply no gradient flow? I recently tried computing the derivative of the layer norm function (https://arxiv.org/abs/1607.06450), an essential component of transformers, but the result suggests that no gradient flows through ... 3 votes 3 answers 2k views ### Why a sign of gradient (plus or minus) is not enough for finding a steepest ascend? Consider a simple 1-D function y = x^2 to find a maximum with the gradient ascent method. If we start in point 3 on x-axis:$$ \frac{\partial f}{\partial x} \...
268 views

I need to quantize the inputs, but the method (bucketize) I need to do so is indifferentiable. I can of course detach the tensor, but then I lose the flow of gradients to earlier weights. I guess ...
1 vote
767 views

There is a well known problem vanishing gradient in BackPropagation training of ...
69 views

### How to choose appropriate epsilon value while approximating gradients to check training?

While approximating gradients, using actual epsilon to shift the weights results in wildly big gradient approximations, as the "width" of the used approximation triangle is ...
468 views

### implementing forward and backward of a Linear model

I'm implementing the code of this abstraction. The forward is easy and looks like that: I don't understand the backward path and how it fit's the abstraction in the first image: Why is db defined as ...
70 views

### Intuitive explanation for representing gradient in higher dimensions

I do not understand how complex networks with many parameters/dimensions can be represented in a 3D space, and form a standard cost surface just like a simple network with, say, 2 parameters. For ...
1 vote
121 views

As I was reading and going through the second course of Andrew Ng's deep learning course, I came across a sentence that said, With a well-turned mini-batch size, usually it outperforms either ...
1k views

### Tensorflow.Keras: How to get gradient for an output class w.r.t a given input?

I have implemented and trained a sequential model using tf.keras. Say I am given an input array of size 8X8 and an output [0,1,0,...(rest all 0)]. How to calculate the gradient of the input w.r.t to ...
1 vote
89 views

### CNN gradients with different magnitude

I have a CNN architecture with two cross entropy losses $\mathcal{L}_1$ and $\mathcal{L}_2$ summed in the total loss $\mathcal{L} = \mathcal{L}_1 + \mathcal{L}_2$. The task I want to solve is ...
119 views

### when x is a vector, derivative of vector diag(f'(x)) is formal notation?

https://web.stanford.edu/class/cs224n/readings/gradient-notes.pdf (4) this note says this $$\frac{\partial \textbf{z}}{\partial \textbf{x}} = \text{diag}(f'(\textbf{x}))$$ I know this means make ...
2k views

### Gradient of a function in Python

I've defined a function in this way: def qfun(par): return(par+atan(par)*par+atan(par)*par) How can I obtain the gradient of this function ...
62 views

### How can we get gradient with some other loss function apart from MSE?

In most of the gradient search examples, the update to weights are done by subtracting the derivative of MSE. Can we have an example, where we did not use ...
1 vote
27 views

### Matlab Optimization. Meaning of warning: "The slope should be 2. It appears to be 1."

I'm using the manopt package to solve some optimization problems in matlab. The problem is of the form. problem.cost = @(x) f(x) problem.egrad = @(x) g(x) After the problem definition, I check ...
81 views

### Gradient Checking: MeanSquareError. Why huge epsilon improves discrepancy?

I am using custom C++ code, and coded a simple "Mean Squared Error" layer. Temporarily using it for the 'classification task', not a simple regression. ...maybe this causes the issues? I don't have ...